Hudson, Linda. ‘Exposing “the selfie”‘ TEDxManhattanBeach. (2014). Web. 6th April 2016.

This TED talk is useful as it provides a perspective on selfie culture. Linda Hudson talks about selfies as a way to communicate our identity and our presence. She compares selfies to artworks of prehistoric, early humans. She discusses the idea that selfies are ways of proving our existence and asserting our presence in the world. It is useful to my essay question as it relates to the idea of representing our identities. It is most likely reliable information as it was part of an esteemed conference (TED). However, it was still a live presentation and there may have been slight errors in her speech if they had been remembered incorrectly. Also, it is quite a subjective topic so her views and opinions need to be viewed critically.

From Self-Portraits to Selfies John Suler

Suler, John. ‘From Self-Portraits to Selfies’ International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies. 12.2 (2015): 175–180. Discover. Web. 6th April 2016.

John Suler, a photographer and psychoanalytic cyberpsychologist looks at the intentions and behaviours of artistic self-portraiture and the more commonplace ‘selfie’. Suler argues that selfies can either be used narcissistically or as a form of self reflection and self awareness. This is relevant to my topic as it discusses the different forms of self portraiture, subjective and objective and the thought processes driving these. He discusses the differences between artistic self portraiture and generic selfies. The source is reliable and as it was published in a journal meaning it has been reviewed before publication. The combination of his background in photography and psychoanalytic cyberpsychology means he is extremely qualified to discuss the ubiquitous selfie.

Instafame: Luxury Selfies in the Attention Economy Alice E. Marwick

Marwick, Alice E.’Instafame: Luxury Selfies in the Attention Economy’ Public Culture. 27.1 (2015): 137-160. Discover. Web. 6th April 2016.

In this essay, Marwick explores the idea of the role of Instagram and subsequent ‘instafame’ in the attention economy. She discusses the change in microcelebrity from the text based early webcams, blogs and twitter to the visual nature of instagram microcelebrities. She talks about parasocial relationships, an illusion of a relationship between a celebrity and a fan. This relates to my analysis of Kim Kardashian’s selfie as one of my chosen images. Marwick discusses the change between photographing others for self consumption and photographing ourselves for the consumption of others. She also highlights the change in the scale of the audiences who consume these self portraits or selfies. Marwick’s essay then goes on to anaylse in depth, ten instagram ‘microcelebrities’ with 10,000 followers or more. This essay relates to the way that identity is represented in current day society through social media platforms such as instagram. This will be useful for my essay as it can be contrasted with earlier representations of identity such as paintings and earlier photography. This source is reliable as it is published in a journal and is therefore likely to have been reviewed for accuracy before publication.

Up close and personal: Artists and their self-portraits Carmi Weingrod

Weingrod, Carmi.’Up close and personal: Artists and their self-portraits‘. American Artist. 59.631 (1995):14-17. Discover. Web. 13 April 2016.

This magazine article details the history of self portraiture. It is useful to me as it talks about the creation of the mirror which Mirzoeff makes reference to in the chapter. This text refers to Dürer as the father of self portraiture which is relevant as I will analyse one of Dürer’s portraits in my essay. The text covers a broad range of examples of self portraiture and discusses what draws artists to create self portraits. This is a dated text as it was published in 1995. However, it only references older works and therefore the information should still be reliable unless more revisionist views of the pieces have been established recently. As it was published in a periodical rather than a journal it is going to be less reliable than other sources I have used from reviewed journals. Despite this, it is still of use to me as it allows me to understand the gist of the history of self portraiture.

Extra resources:

Notes to self: the visual culture of selfies in the age of social media Derek Conrad Murray

Murray, Derek C. ‘Notes to self: the visual culture of selfies in the age of social media’ Consumption Markets & Culture. 18.6 (2015): 490-516. Discover. Web. 6th April 2016.

George Vasey on self-portraiture and feminist art

Vasey, George. ‘Self2Selfie’. Art Monthly. Nov2013, Web. 6th April 2016.

Foister, Susan. ‘Dürer versus Baldung’. The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art. 17.4 (1994):664-668. Discover. Web. 13th April 2016.